Tips

Candy:
If I really want something sweet, I will eat a piece of candy with less than 10 g of sugar. If I find that I cannot stop eating the entire bag or package of candy, I do not buy that kind again.

Chocolate:
If I am craving chocolate, I will eat a popular brand of an individually wrapped mint fudge brownie with 5 g of fiber that only has 8 g of sugar. It can usually be found near the granola bars.

Hot Chocolate:
Hot chocolate packets have too much sugar. But if you buy a canister of a hot chocolate mix, you can usually measure it out and mix it with water to be under 10 g of sugar.

Instant Oatmeal:
Flavored instant oatmeal packets usually have too much sugar in them. When I make a packet of instant apple cinnamon oatmeal with 12 g of sugar, I only eat ¾ of the cooked oatmeal to take it under 10 g.

Yogurt containers:
I like to buy yogurt tubes, because they typically have less sugar in them than a 6 oz. container of yogurt. The box of tubes I buy are an organic whole milk yogurt with only 6 g of sugar in each tube.

Pie:
When I’m craving pie, I buy a mini frozen fruit pie with less than 40 g sugar (even though the crust is made with enriched flour.) After it has been baked and cooled, I cut it into fourths. I only eat one slice of the mini pie a day topped with a small squirt of aerosol whipped cream.

Ice Cream:
If I am craving ice cream, I will have a mini ice cream sandwich or mini ice cream cone that says on the nutrition label that it has 10 or less g of sugar per serving. Or, I will cut an ice cream sandwich in half to get it under 10 g of sugar and put the other half in a freezer baggie in the freezer for later. If I find that I cannot stop eating the entire box of ice cream treats, I will not buy that kind again. If my family members like the kind of ice cream I buy, I buy it in the regular size version for them. If they see the regular size version in the freezer, they will leave my mini version alone so there will actually be one left when I want to eat it. Do not eat the ice cream sandwich with hot fudge and caramel ice cream toppings, whipped cream, crushed candy bars, nuts, bananas, and a maraschino cherry or you will go over 10 g of sugar.

Angel Food Cake and Sherbet:
Beware of angel food cake and sherbet. In the past, I have heard diabetics say they can eat angel food cake and sherbet. If you look at the nutrition label, there is a lot of sugar in both of them. Adding a strawberry glaze and whipped cream to the angel food cake increases the sugar content. In my experience, the more sugar I eat the more I want.

Pasta:
Pasta is tricky. I have tried whole wheat pastas and haven’t liked them. A person who led a diabetic foods class I took at a local grocery store, told me to buy a brand that’s made with 5 g of fiber and 7 g of protein. However, that brand is made with enriched flour. I buy whatever works best for the recipe. The pasta with 5 g of fiber and 7 g of protein makes a good spaghetti and meatball dish, but it doesn’t work as well as popular brands in baked pasta dishes. I think the key to eating pasta is not to go overboard and just eat a small portion occasionally. An Italian restaurant I like to go to serves pasta dishes that could probably feed a family four with unlimited warm soft breadsticks that look like they are made with white flour. Exercise control so you don’t regret what you consumed and you can make your goal.

Bread and Hamburger Buns:
You can eat 100% whole wheat breads and hamburger buns, but I haven’t found any brands that I like yet. Sometimes, the plastic bag the bread is in says it is a whole wheat product, but if you look at the list of ingredients, it is made with an enriched whole wheat.

Potatoes:
My mother is borderline diabetic. Her doctor told her not to eat potatoes. I think potatoes are fine, as long as they are the kind you peel and are not deep fat fried, because they are a whole grain. If it is a large potato, eat half of it.

Artificial Sweeteners:
I do not like artificial sweeteners. I try to buy foods that do not contain artificial sweeteners.

Eggs:
Years ago, I remember my father’s doctor telling him that eggs were poison, but they are not. Now, they are considered a perfect food. I eat the egg yolk and the egg white.

Butter vs. Margarine:
When I was growing up, everyone ate margarine. Butter is better for our bodies. I buy unsalted sticks of butter.

Milk:
Lately, I’ve been hearing that whole milk is best for diabetics because of the amount of fat in it. Until more research is done, I will continue drinking skim milk when it is available. I get the full fat version of all other dairy products, such as cheese, yogurt, and cottage cheese. I have milk with my meal/snack if I don’t have another source of protein, such as: meat, eggs, or nuts. I do not count the amount of sugar in milk when calculating how many g of sugar are in my meal/snack. I did that when I was first diagnosed and it drove me crazy, because I couldn’t eat enough cereal and milk for breakfast to sustain me. I do check the sugar content in other dairy products, like yogurt, which can have as many g of sugar as a candy bar. Avoid drinking flavored milk, such as: chocolate, strawberry, and banana, because they usually contain more sugar than plain white milk.

Juice:
Recently, I heard that our bodies process fruit juice the same way it processes soft drinks. If you can’t resist having a glass of juice, read the nutrition label. If it says there are 30 g of sugar in an 8 oz. cup, measure out 1/3 cup which would be 10 g of sugar. Be careful what you consume with it. If you’re having it with a granola bar or a flavored packet of instant oatmeal, you will be ingesting more than 10 g of sugar. Or, squeeze an orange. You’ll get exactly the amount of juice you should have from one orange, and fresh squeezed orange juice tastes great.

Dried Fruit:
Dried fruit contains a lot of sugar. Look at the nutrition label so you don’t eat more than 10 g of sugar, especially if you are eating it with another food that contains sugar.

Honey, Syrup, Canned Fruit, Jam, Jelly, and Preserves:
I avoid honey, syrup (100% natural and artificially flavored), canned fruits, jams, jellies, and preserves. Although they are made with naturally delicious ingredients, they contain too much sugar and are a trigger for me.

Granola Bars:
Granola bars can contain a lot of sugar. I look at the nutrition label. If it is a pack with two bars, one bar is usually less than 10 grams of sugar. If it is a full bar, I usually cut it in half to get it under 10 g of sugar and save the other half to eat later.

Croutons and Salad Dressing:
I do not eat salad croutons unless I am certain they are made with a flour that isn’t enriched, such as 100% whole wheat. I also lightly dress my salad with salad dressing.

Going Out for Burgers:
When eating at a burger and malt themed restaurant, I typically order a single plain hamburger patty without the bun, a side salad with extra cucumbers, ranch dressing, and white milk. Don’t let the peer pressure of everyone around you eating malts get to you. They will feel awful after the meal for overeating and you won’t.

Meal Deals:
If I order a meal deal that comes with an enormous burger with everything on it, French fries, and a soft drink, I will only eat half of it. If it comes with three freshly baked cookies for $1, an irresistible deal, I will only eat one cookie. If someone who is with me would like the extra food, I share with them. Otherwise, I do not worry about throwing extra food away. It is not my fault many restaurants serve a majority of foods that aren’t healthy in ridiculously large sized portions. I do not do this for every meal every day. This is more like a once a month cheat meal.

Pizza:
If I order a large pizza, I tend to overeat. When I’ve tried eating the pizza toppings I’ve scraped off of a pizza crust made with white flour, I have not been satisfied. If I’m craving pizza, I will do one of the following things:
1. Order a personal size cheese pizza.
2. Bake a frozen cheese pizza that equals two servings or less.
3. Make it myself so I can decide what kind of crust to use.

Chinese Food:
I have only eaten Chinese food once since my diabetes diagnosis. My favorite items at Chinese restaurants are made with white rice or are deep fat fried, which isn’t good for me.

Online Menu Help:
Chain restaurants usually post nutrition information on their website, so you can figure out what to order before you get there.

Frozen Dinners and Desserts:
I tend to stay away from frozen dinners. In the past, I have worked with morbidly obese women who have eaten diet brands of frozen dinners every day for lunch. I imagine by the time they get home they are famished and they spend the evening binging only to repeat the cycle the following day. Once in a while, I do buy a single size frozen lasagna that has 20 or more g of protein in it. I have also tried a frozen mini chicken slider sandwich on a bun, which wasn’t bad for being microwaveable. Two sandwiches came in the box. I did not eat both of them at the same time.

There is a popular brand of frozen cheesecake that comes in a one slice package. After it defrosts in the refrigerator, I cut the slice in half to make it less than 10 g of sugar and save the other half to eat later. At my favorite grocery store, it can be found in the frozen section with the frozen pies and pound cakes.

Self-serve Frozen Yogurt:
Self-serve frozen yogurt stores have become popular. Before you fill up a big cup with your choice of yogurt and candy toppings, look at the nutrition sign posted on the wall. It lists the serving sizes and sugar content of the flavors that are available that day. A serving with less than 10 g of sugar is a lot smaller than you’d think. Top it with the fresh fruit selections.

Special Occasions:
Don’t tell yourself things like, “I’m going to have a piece of cake at the birthday party.” or “I can have a doughnut at work since my boss brought them in for the meeting.” If you do, you will probably find reasons to justify eating bad foods every day. This doesn’t mean you can’t eat your wedding cake the day you get married. But, try to have a healthy snack with you at all times so you can get through difficult situations. Don’t worry if the host is offended. This is a life or death situation for you.

Fundraisers:
When kids want you to buy food to help raise funds for their school or organization, be careful what you purchase. If you don’t think you can say, “No. Thank you.” look at the nutrition label to see what a serving size is before you eat an entire sleeve or box of cookies. Even though the pictures of the chocolate candies make your mouth water, the nuts are better for you. If there aren’t any healthy options you like, you can always donate what you buy to a food shelf.

Cravings:
I do try to ignore my intense cravings for unhealthy foods for as long as possible. I’ve found that if I satisfy one, I usually get another one right away. Eventually, they will subside.

Supplements:
Some people say supplements are a must and some say they aren’t. I once worked with a man who was a former professional wrestler. When I worked with him, he was in his late 50’s and was in fantastic shape. He didn’t seem to complain about being tired or have as many aches and pains as his co-workers did. He took supplements throughout the day, which made me a believer in taking them. I take one multivitamin a day with one meal or snack. With a different meal or snack, I take one dose of fish oil with vitamin D3, and two chewable calcium carbonate antacid tablets for the calcium to avoid getting osteoporosis. If I take them together, or if I take more than this, my stomach gets upset. I notice that I have more cravings on the days I forget to take my vitamins. I also notice that I feel stiff when I do not take any fish oil. I have never had a health insurance policy that covers the cost of supplements. Check with your doctor to see if you should or shouldn’t be taking supplements.

Emotional Eating:
Emotional eating is one of the reasons I was diagnosed with diabetes. In addition to celebrating with food, I’ve spent most of my life grabbing something sweet whenever I’ve felt: annoyed, disrespected, stressed, worried, verbally and mentally abused, lonely, bored, overwhelmed, betrayed/unfairly treated, insecure/self-conscious, ignored, belittled, stupid/dumb, victimized, unimportant, inadequate, misunderstood, mentally and physically exhausted, isolated, angry, sad/depressed, grief-stricken, frustrated, envious, nervous, worthless, anxious, trapped, irritated, resentful, judged, offended, rejected, etc… But the fact of the matter is alcoholics can’t drink alcohol, drug addicts can’t do illegal drugs, and diabetics can’t have sugary food binges. Many people argue that you don’t have to drink alcohol or take illegal drugs to survive, but you do have to eat making the urge harder to resist. That’s true. But when you’re pre-diabetic or diabetic, you can no longer use food as a coping mechanism to comfort yourself during a personal crisis. What you can do is remember that no matter what an inconsiderate person says or does to you that is hurtful, you are still awesome. Not being able to eat all your favorite foods sucks, but having diabetes sucks more.

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